Various Artists – Gnawa Music Of Marrakesh – Night Spirit Masters (1990)

FronzCover1As Paul Bowles states in his liner notes, the music of the Gnawa (Malinese slaves brought to Morocco in the 16th century) is very different than most of what’s heard in Morocco. Indeed, there’s a healthy strain of the kind of vocal and percussion styles heard in the Gnawa’s West African homeland on this fine collection. And even though the Middle Eastern darbouka drum is occasionally used and the language sung in is Arabic, the predominant sound comes from large, deep-toned drums called the tbola (akin to the talking drum of Ghana) and from the chorus of singers heard on half the cuts (the harmonies produced being similar to those in both traditional and popular West African song).

Sounding like a cross between the oud (the Middle Eastern predecessor to the lute) and the West African kora, the upright string instrument the sentir musically fuses the two cultures. Musicology aside, this Bill Laswell-produced recording is a must for fans of both African and Middle Eastern music. Half the pieces feature lead and group singers in call and response mode buoyed by a full compliment of sentirs, drums, hand clapping, and qrakechs (finger cymbals made from sheet metal). The other portion includes both drum features and sentir and vocal pieces. A great collection. (by Stephen Cook)

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Tracklist + Personnel:

01. Baba L’Rouami1 Baba L’Rouami 3.05
Goblet Drum [Darbouka] – Abdelhak Bou NaamSintir, Vocals – Mustapha BaqbouVocals – Ahmed Hamzaoui, Mahjoub El Khalmouss, Said Oughassal
02. . Mimoun Mamrba 5-12
Castanets [Qrakech] – Abdel Kbir Msolom, Abdellatif OughassalDrums – Abderrahim Oughassal, Abelmar Bou NaamSintir, Vocals – Said OughassalVocals – Abdelqader Oughassal

03. Tramin 2.57
Drums – Abbes Larfaoui, Brahim El Belkani, Mahjoub Jaffer

04. Chabako 6.27
Castanets [Qrakech] – Abdellatif OughassalDrums – Abderrahim OughassalGoblet Drum [Darbouka] – Abdelhak Bou NaamHandclaps – Samir ZougariHandclaps, Vocals – Abdel Kbir Msolom, Abdenbi Binizi, Aziz Radi, Hassan Zougari, Mohammed MslomiOud, Vocals – Said OughassalSintir, Vocals – Abdelqader Oughassal

05. Moulay Abdellah Ben Hassaine / Moulay Brahim 4.12
Shaker – Ahmed MamzaoiSintir, Vocals – Mustapha Baqbou

06. Toura Toura Tour Kelilah 4.07
Sintir, Vocals – Mustapha BaqbouVocals – Abdel Kbir Mershan, Mahjoub El Khalmouss, Mbarrek Ben Othane

07. Baniya 5.59
Castanets [Qrakech] – Abdellatif OughassalDrums – Abderrahim OughassalGoblet Drum [Darbouka] – Abdelhak Bou NaamHandclaps – Samir ZougariHandclaps, Vocals – Abdel Kbir Msolom, Abdenbi Binizi, Aziz Radi, Hassan Zougari, Mohammed MslomiOud, Vocals – Said OughassalSintir, Vocals – Abdelqader Oughassal

08. Jillala 4.49
Sintir, Vocals – Abdel Kbir Mershan, Mustapha BaqbouVocals – Mahjoub El Khalmouss, Mohammed Qrifli

09. Said Fafy Drum Solo 2.15
Drums – Said Fafy, Said Oughassal

10. Toura Toura Tour Kelilah #2 3.12
Castanets [Qrakech], Vocals – Mahjoub MethoumHandclaps – Rachid El BelkaniSintir, Vocals – Brahim El Belkani

11. Hamouda 6.00
Castanets [Qrakech] – Abdellatif OughassalDrums – Abderrahim OughassalGoblet Drum [Darbouka] – Abdelhak Bou NaamHandclaps – Samir ZougariHandclaps, Vocals – Abdel Kbir Msolom, Abdenbi Binizi, Aziz Radi, Mohammed MslomiOud, Vocals – Said OughassalSintir, Vocals – Abdelqader Oughassal

Inlet

 

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MusicInMarrakesh

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