Creedence Clearwater Revival, also referred to as Creedence and CCR, was an American rock band formed in El Cerrito, California. The band initially consisted of lead vocalist, lead guitarist, and primary songwriter John Fogerty; his brother, rhythm guitarist Tom Fogerty; bassist Stu Cook; and drummer Doug Clifford. These members had played together since 1959, first as the Blue Velvets and later as the Golliwogs, before settling on the Creedence Clearwater Revival name in 1967.
CCR’s musical style encompassed roots rock, swamp rock, blues rock, Southern rock, country rock, and blue-eyed soul. Belying their origins in the East Bay subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, the band often played in a Southern rock style, with lyrics about bayous, catfish, the Mississippi River and other elements of Southern United States iconography. The band’s songs rarely dealt with romantic love, concentrating instead on political and socially conscious lyrics about topics such as the Vietnam War. The band performed at the 1969 Woodstock festival in Upstate New York, and was the first major act signed to appear there.
CCR disbanded acrimoniously in late 1972 after four years of chart-topping success. Tom Fogerty had officially left the previous year, and John was at odds with the remaining members over matters of business and artistic control, all of which resulted in subsequent lawsuits among the former bandmates. Fogerty’s ongoing disagreements with Fantasy Records owner Saul Zaentz created further protracted court battles, and John Fogerty refused to perform with the two other surviving members at Creedence’s 1993 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Though the band has never officially reunited, John Fogerty continues to perform CCR songs as part of his solo act, while Cook and Clifford have performed as Creedence Clearwater Revisited since the 1990s.
CCR’s music is still a staple of U.S. classic rock radio airplay; 28 million CCR records have been sold in the U.S. alone. The compilation album Chronicle The 20 Greatest Hits, originally released in 1976, is still on the Billboard 200 album chart and reached the 500-weeks mark in December 2020. It has been awarded 10x platinum.
Creedence Clearwater Revival is the debut studio album by American rock band Creedence Clearwater Revival, released on May 28, 1968.
While “Suzie Q” proved to be a hit, the band had played for years as the Golliwogs in the early 1960s, releasing numerous singles before achieving success in the pop world. In 1967, Saul Zaentz bought Fantasy Records and offered the band a chance to record a full-length album on the condition that they change their name. Having never liked ‘the Golliwogs’, in part because of the racial charge of the name, the four readily agreed, coming up with Creedence Clearwater Revival. In Hank Bordowitz’s book Bad Moon Rising: The Unauthorized History of Creedence Clearwater Revival, bassist Stu Cook is quoted, “Fogerty, Cook, Clifford and Fogerty signed a publishing agreement with one of Fantasy’s companies that gave up rights to copyright ownership…Lennon and McCartney never owned the copyrights to their compositions, either. When you’re on the bottom, you make the best deal you can.” John Fogerty took charge of the group artistically, writing all of the band’s fourteen hit records and assuming the roles of singer, guitarist, producer and arranger of nearly everything that appeared on Creedence’s seven studio albums.
“Porterville”, which was the last single released by the band under the name the Golliwogs in November 1967, was included on the band’s debut album and revealed singer/guitarist John Fogerty’s nascent songwriting talents. The song was a breakthrough of sorts for Fogerty, who stated to Tom Pinnock of Uncut in 2012, “It’s semi-autobiographical; I touch on my father, but it’s a flight of fantasy, too. And I knew when I was doing it, ‘Man, I’m on to something here.’ Everything changed after that. I gave up trying to write sappy love songs about stuff I didn’t know anything about, and I started inventing stories.” The album also includes the only co-write between John and his brother Tom Fogerty (who had been the original lead singer in the group) to appear on a Creedence album: the foreboding “Walk on the Water”. The song had already been released in 1966 under the Golliwogs name. The album features three other Fogerty originals: “The Working Man”, “Get Down Woman”, and “Gloomy”.
Creedence Clearwater Revival is best remembered for the band’s first hit single “Suzie Q”, which had been a hit for Dale Hawkins in 1957. It was released as a single version split into two parts, with the jam session during the coda on the A-side fading out with the guitar solo right before the coda which fades in part two on the B-side. Fogerty stated in a 1993 interview with Rolling Stone magazine that his purpose in recording “Suzie Q” was to get the song played on KMPX, a funky progressive-rock radio station in San Francisco, which is why the song was extended to eight minutes in length. “‘Suzie Q’ was designed to fit right in,” he explained. “The eight-minute opus. Feedback
.Like [the Paul Butterfield Blues Band’s] ‘East-West’. And especially the little effect, the little telephone-box [vocal] in the middle, which is the only part I regret now. It’s just funny sounding. But, lo and behold, it worked!” Fogerty elaborated to Larry King in 1999, “We recorded an old Dale Hawkins song but I psychedelicized it to get it played on the local San Francisco underground radio station.” The guitarist on the original Hawkins version, James Burton, would also exert a major influence on Fogerty, with the singer telling Lynne Margolis of American Songwriter, “James Burton was a huge influence on me going back to when I was a child, when I bought that record, ‘Suzie-Q,’ and that was James Burton playing that guitar—which I didn’t know at the time, of course.”
Drummer Doug Clifford concurs to Jeb Wright on the Classic Rock Revisited website that he too tried to experiment with the tune, recalling “‘Susie Q’ was a rockabilly song that sounded like all of the other rockabilly songs. I came up with a quarter note idea and it made it harder edged and it gave it space and a totally different feel…” The Creedence version would reach #11 in the charts. In 2012 David Cavanagh of Uncut wrote, “For all his scepticism about long solos, Fogerty stretched out penetratingly on guitar while Creedence’s rhythm trio laid down a sublime slow boogie.” In 1998, Fogerty stated to Harold Steinblatt of Guitar World that the recording of “Suzie Q” was “very pivotal” in another respect:
it established how we would work for the next few years. After we finished recording our parts, the other guys hung around while I mixed. The problem was they were making all these comments like, “Well, that won’t work. This won’t work.” You know, they were having a great time laughing…And that was the very last time I ever allowed them to be around when I mixed a record…Basically, we’d go in, we’d record the band, and then I’d throw them out of the studio. I just couldn’t have them around while I was doing overdubs or when I was mixing, because they weren’t very constructive.
The album’s other notable cover, the Screamin’ Jay Hawkins classic “I Put a Spell on You”, was a natural for Fogerty, whose own manic vocal delivery had much in common with Hawkins’ powerful singing style. Released as a follow up to “Suzie Q” in October 1968 with “Walk on the Water” as the B-side, it peaked on the U.S. charts at #58.
The album was remastered and reissued on 180 Gram vinyl by Analogue Productions in 2006.
While the band did gain success with their chart debut, critics initially denied the band respect. Barry Gifford writing in Rolling Stone at the time stated, “The only bright spot in the group is John Fogerty, who plays lead guitar and does the vocals. He’s a better-than-average singer (really believable in Wilson Pickett’s “Ninety-Nine and a Half”), and an interesting guitarist. But there’s nothing else here. The drummer is monotonous, the bass lines are all repetitious and the rhythm guitar is barely audible.” Time has been far kinder to the album, although critics note that Fogerty’s songwriting talent had yet to truly blossom like it would on the band’s future albums and singles.
On AllMusic the album received 4 stars (out of 5), with Stephen Thomas Erlewine stating: “Released in the summer of 1968 – a year after the Summer of Love, but still in the thick of the Age of Aquarius – Creedence Clearwater Revival’s self-titled debut album was gloriously out-of-step with the times, teeming with John Fogerty’s Americana fascinations.” He also noted that the album “points the way to the breakthrough of Bayou Country, with “Porterville” being “an exceptional song with great hooks, an underlying sense of menace, and the first inkling of the working-class rage that fueled such landmarks as ‘Fortunate Son.'”
The album was first certified Gold by the RIAA on December 16, 1970, then Platinum twenty years later on December 13, 1990. (wikipedia)
Stu Cook (bass, background vocals)
Doug Clifford (drums, background vocals)
John Fogerty (lead guitar, vocals, percussion)
Tom Fogerty (guitar, background vocals)
01. I Put a Spell On You (Hawkins) 4.35
02. The Working Man (J.Fogerty) 3.05
03. Susie Q (Hawkins/Broadwater/Lewis 8.40
04. Ninety-Nine And A Half (Won’t Do) (Cropper/Floyd/Pickett) 3.40
05. Get Down Woman (J.Fogerty) 3.10
06. Porterville (1) (J.Fogerty) 2.25
07. Gloomy (J.Fogerty) 3.50
08. Walk On The Water (2) (J. Fogerty/T.Fogerty) 4.40
(1) recorded October 1967, initially released as a single in November 1967, the last single the band released as The Golliwogs
(2) this track is a remake of “Walking on the Water”, a recording released by the band as a single in 1966, while they were still known as The Golliwogs)