Czech Philharmonic Orchestra (Kurt Mazur) – Beethoven Triple Concerto (1974)

FrontCover1Ludwig van Beethoven’s Concerto for Violin, Cello, and Piano in C major, Op. 56, commonly known as the Triple Concerto, was composed in 1803 and published in 1804 by Breitkopf & Härtel. The choice of the three solo instruments effectively makes this a concerto for piano trio, and it is the only concerto Beethoven ever completed for more than one solo instrument. A typical performance takes approximately thirty-seven minutes.

Beethoven’s early biographer Anton Schindler claimed that the Triple Concerto was written for Beethoven’s royal pupil, the Archduke Rudolf of Austria. The Archduke, who became an accomplished pianist and composer under Beethoven’s tutelage, was only in his mid-teens at this time, and it seems plausible that Beethoven’s strategy was to create a showy but relatively easy piano part that would be backed up by two more mature and skilled soloists. However, there is no record of Rudolf ever performing the work.

The Triple Concerto was publicly premiered in 1808, at the summer Augarten concerts in Vienna. The violinist in the premiere was Carl August Seidler,and the cellist was Nikolaus Kraft,[3] who was known for “technical mastery” and a “clear, rich tone”.: 162  The concerto was Beethoven’s first work to use advanced cello techniques.

In the published version, the concerto bore a dedication to a different patron: Prince Lobkowitz.

Portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven (1803):
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The first movement is broadly scaled and cast in a moderate march tempo, and includes decorative solo passage-work and leisurely repetitions, variations, and extensions of assorted themes. A common feature is a dotted rhythm (short-long, short-long) that lends an air of graciousness and pomp that is not exactly “heroic,” but would have conveyed a character of fashionable dignity to contemporary listeners—and perhaps a hint of the noble “chivalric” manner that was becoming a popular element of novels, plays, operas, and pictures. The jogging triplets that figure in much of the accompaniment also contribute to this effect. In this movement, as in the other two, the cello enters solo with the first subject. Unusual for a concerto of this scale, the first movement begins quietly, with a gradual crescendo into the exposition, with the main theme later introduced by the soloists. Also unusually, the exposition modulates to A minor instead of the expected G major. (Beethoven’s friend Ferdinand Ries later did the same mediant transition in his sixth concerto.) This movement takes sixteen to nineteen minutes.

The slow movement, in A-flat major, is a large-scale introduction to the finale, which follows it without pause. The cello and violin share the melodic material of the movement between them while the piano provides a discreet accompaniment. This movement takes about five to six minutes.

Notes

There is no break between then second and third movements. Dramatic repeated notes launch into the third movement, a polonaise (also called “polacca”), an emblem of aristocratic fashion during the Napoleonic era, which is, thus, in keeping with the character of “polite entertainment” that characterizes this concerto as a whole. The bolero-like rhythm, also characteristic of the polonaise, can be heard in the central minor theme of the final movement. This movement takes about thirteen to fourteen minutes.

In addition to the violin, cello, and piano soloists, the concerto is scored for one flute, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpani, and strings. The flute, oboes, trumpets, and timpani are tacet during the second movement. (wikipedia)

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Czech symphony orchestra. Established in 1894 as the orchestra of The National Theatre (Orchestr Národního Divadla) in Prague. First performed under its name on January 4, 1896, conducted by Antonín Dvořák. Independent orchestra since 1901.

The orchestra is ranked among the best in the world for its particular sound. The orchestra’s principal concert venue is the Rudolfinum.

Czech Philharmonic Orchestra

Their conducor for these recordings was Kurt Masur:

Kurt Masur (18 July 1927 – 19 December 2015) was a German conductor. Called “one of the last old-style maestros” he directed many of the principal orchestras of his era. He had a long career as the Kapellmeister of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, and also served as music director of the New York Philharmonic. He left many recordings of classical music played by major orchestras. Masur is also remembered for his actions to support peaceful demonstrations in the 1989 anti-government demonstrations in Leipzig; the protests were part of the events leading up to the fall of the Berlin wall. (wikipedia)

Enjoy these historic recordings of another masterpiece by Ludwig van Beethoven !

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Personnel:
The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Kurt Masur
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Josef Chuchro (cello)
Jan Panenka (piano)
Josef Suk (violin)

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Tracklist:

Concerto For Violin, Cello, Piano And Orchestra In C Major, Op. 56
01. Allegro 16.30
02. Largo / Rondo Alla Polacca 18.04

Music: Ludwig van Beethoven

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Amon Düll II – Yeti (1970)

LPFrontCover1Amon Düül II (or Amon Düül 2, Pronunciation: Amon Düül) is a German rock band. The group is generally considered to be one of the pioneers of the West German krautrock scene. Their 1970 album Yeti was described by British magazine The Wire as “one of the cornerstones of … the entire Krautrock movement”.

The band emerged from the radical West German commune scene of the late 1960s, with others in the same commune including some of the future founders of the Red Army Faction. Founding members are Chris Karrer, Dieter Serfas, Falk Rogner (born 14 September 1943), John Weinzierl (born 4 April 1949), and Renate Knaup-Krötenschwanz (born Renate Aschauer-Knaup, 1 July 1948).

The band was founded after Weinzierl and the others met at the Amon Düül ‘art commune’ in Munich. The commune consisted mainly of university students, who formed a music group initially to fund the commune, with everyone who lived there joining in to play music whether or not they had any experience or ability.

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The commune split when they were offered an opportunity to record, which was boycotted by the more musically proficient members of the commune (who went on to form Amon Düül II). Recordings were made by the other members but were of very poor quality and were only released later (under the name Amon Düül) to capitalise on the success of Amon Düül II’s albums. As Amon Düül II grew and personnel changed, they still remained a commune, living together as a band.

Their first album Phallus Dei (‘God’s Phallus’), released in 1969, consisted of pieces drawn from the group’s live set at the time. By this time the line-up was built around a core of Karrer (mainly violin and guitar), Weinzierl (guitar, bass, piano), Rogner on keyboards, bass player Dave Anderson, and two drummers (Peter Leopold (born 15 August 1945) who had joined the group from Berlin, and Dieter Serfas. Renate Knaup at this point was only contributing minimal vocals but was very much part of the group. According to Weinzierl by this time “The band played almost every day. We played universities, academies, underground clubs, and every hall with a power socket and an audience”. Releasing an album brought the group greater prominence and they began to tour more widely in Germany and abroad, playing alongside groups such as Tangerine Dream, and in Germany staying in other communes including the pioneering Kommune 1 in Berlin.

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Their second album Yeti (1970) saw them introducing arranged compositions along with the bluesy violin and guitar jams such as the long improvised title track. The next album Tanz der Lemminge (1971) was based on four extended progressive rock suites. By this time bassist Anderson had returned to England and joined Hawkwind, to be replaced by Lothar Meid (born 28 August 1942), and the group was augmented by synthman Karl-Heinz Hausmann (Karrer had formed a short-lived group in 1966 – supposedly named ‘Amon Düül O’ – with future Embryo founders Lothar Meid and drummer Christian Burchard).[6]

Still touring widely, they recorded their Live in London album in late 1972 and in 1975 signed with Atlantic Records in the US, and United Artists Records Germany and initially disbanded in 1981.

As well as their albums and live shows ADII received offers to write music for films, winning a German film award, the Deutscher Filmpreis, for their contribution to the film San Domingo.

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Amon Düül II’s drummer, Peter Leopold, died on 8 November 2006. A memorial service was held for Leopold in Munich, where the remaining members of Amon Düül II sang a song for him. Leopold was replaced by multi-instrumentalist Daniel Fichelscher, for many years guitarist and drummer of Krautrock group Popol Vuh.[8] Fichelscher is not new to the group, and in fact has had a long affiliation with Amon Düül II, having played with them as early as 1972 on Carnival in Babylon.

Bass player Lothar Meid died on 3 November 2015. (wikipedia)

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Described by Lester Bangs in Rolling Stone as “Germany’s great psyche-overload band,” Amon Düül II delivered some serious mind-fry on their sprawling second album. Heavier and hairier than most of their Krautrock contemporaries, the band melded elements of the Velvet Underground, Jimi Hendrix, Frank Zappa, Jefferson Airplane, Pink Floyd and Quicksilver Messenger Service with African, Asian and Indian influences to create something deeply personal and even more deeply weird.

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Half of Yeti was completely improvised in the studio, but it’s hard to identify which half; pre-written tracks like the opening suite “Soap Shop Rock” and the searing rocker “Archangel Thunderbird” seem to follow their own primal internal compass, while the improvised nine-minute closer “Sandoz in the Rain” (allegedly recorded while the entire band was on acid) is ravishing in its stark, crystalline beauty. Yeti isn’t just one of Krautrock’s greatest albums; it’s one of the finest records of the entire original psychedelic era. (Dan.Epstein) (taken from “50 Greatest Prog Rock Albums of All Time”)

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Personnel:
Dave Anderson (bass)
Renate Knaup (vocals, tambourin)
Chris Karrer (guitar, vocals, violin)
Peter Leopold (drums)
Falk Rogner (organ)
Shrat (percussion, vocals)
John Weinzierl (guitar, vocals)
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Rainer Bauer (guitar, vocals bei 10.)
Thomas Keyserling (flute)
Ulrich Leopold (bass)

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Tracklist:
01. Soap Shop Rock (13.42):
01.1.. Burning Sister 3.41
01.2. Halluzination Guillotine 3.05
01.3. Gulp a Sonata 0.45
01.4. Flesh-Coloured Anti-Aircraft Alarm 5.53
02. She Came Through The Chimney 2.59
03. Archangels Thunderbird 3.33
04. Cerberus 4.22
05. The Return Of Rübezahl 1.39
06. Eye-Shaking King 5.41
07. Pale Gallery 2.13
08. Yeti (Improvisation) 18.09
09. Yeti Talks to Yogi (Improvisation) 6.14
10. Sandoz In The Rain (Improvisation) 8.58
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11. Rattlesnakeplumcake (Single A Seite) (Weinzierl/Rogner) 3.18
12. Between The Eyes (Single B Seite) (Weinzierl/Rogner/Karrer) 2.25

Music + lyrics:
Dave Anderson – Renate Knaup – Chris Karrer – Peter Leopold – Falk Rogner – Shrat – John Weinzierl

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More from Amon Düll II in my Geman blog:
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