When someone like me travels to Leipzig, he can’t help himself … but to occupy himself with Johann Sebastian Bach !
Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March (or)21 March 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his orchestral music such as the Brandenburg Concertos; instrumental compositions such as the Cello Suites; keyboard works such as the Goldberg Variations and The Well-Tempered Clavier; organ works such as the Schubler Chorales and the Toccata and Fugue in D minor; and vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music.
The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at the age of 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph, after which he continued his musical education in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St Thomas’s) in Leipzig. There he composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university’s student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.
Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic, and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach’s compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.
Painting of Johann Sebastian Bach by ‘Gebel’, before 1798:
Throughout the 18th century, Bach was primarily valued as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals (and later also websites) exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including the Air on the G String and “Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring”, and of recordings, such as three different box sets with complete performances of the composer’s oeuvre marking the 250th anniversary of his death. (wikipedia)
And here´s a real pretty good compilation …
It´s time to discover the one and only Johann Sebastian Bach !
Unfortunately, the performers were not named on this CD.
01. Harpsichord Concerto, BWV 974: Adagio 4.18
02. Bach/Gounod: Ave Maria 3.09
03. Italian Concerto In F Major, BWV 971: Andante 5.11
04. Cello Suite No. 1: Prelude 2.34
05. Suite No. 2 In B Minor, BWV 1067: Sarabande 2.56
06. Jesu Bleibet Meine Freude 3.18
07. Orgelbüchlein: Ich Ruf Zu Dir, BWV 639 2.35
08. Piano Concerto In E Major: Siciliano 5.58
09. Easter Oratorio, BWV 249: Adagio 5.10
10. Suite No. 3 In D Major, BWV 1068: Air 5.02
11. Piano Concerto No. 5 In F Minor: Largo 2.48
12. Double Concerto In D Minor, BWV 1043: Largo 6.46
13. Sonata For Flute And Harpsichord In E Flat Major: Siciliana 2.06
14. Christmas Oratorio: Sinfonia 5.56
15. Violin Sonata No. 3 In C Major Trans. Guitar : Largo 3.20
Music composed by Johann Sebastian Bach
except 02. composed by Johann Sebastian Bach & Charles Gounod
The Bach Monument in Leipzig/Germany:
The official website of the Bach Archive, Leipzig/Germany:
More from Johann Sebastian Bach: