The Who – My Generation (Deluxe Edition) (1969/2005)

FrontCover1.JPGTommy is the fourth studio album by the English rock band The Who, a double album first released in May 1969. The album was mostly composed by guitarist Pete Townshend as a rock opera that tells the story about a “deaf, dumb and blind” boy, including his experiences with life and his relationship with his family.

Townshend came up with the concept of Tommy after being introduced to the work of Meher Baba, and attempted to translate Baba’s teachings into music. Recording on the album began in September 1968, but took six months to complete as material needed to be arranged and re-recorded in the studio. Tommy was acclaimed upon its release by critics, who hailed it as the Who’s breakthrough. Its critical standing diminished slightly in later years; nonetheless, several writers view it as an important and influential album in the history of rock music. The Who promoted the album’s release with an extensive tour, including a live version of Tommy, which lasted throughout 1969 and 1970. Key gigs from the tour included appearances at Woodstock, the 1969 Isle of Wight Festival, the University of Leeds, the Metropolitan Opera House and the 1970 Isle of Wight Festival. The live performances of Tommy drew critical praise and rejuvenated the band’s career.

Subsequently, the rock opera developed into other media, including a Seattle Opera production in 1971, an orchestral version by Lou Reizner in 1972, a film in 1975, and a Broadway musical in 1992. The original album has sold 20 million copies and has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

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Tommy has never had a definitive plot, but the following synopsis was published following the original album’s release.

British Army Captain Walker goes missing during an expedition and is believed dead (“Overture”). His widow, Mrs. Walker, gives birth to their son, Tommy (“It’s a Boy”). Years later, Captain Walker returns home and discovers that his wife has found a new lover. The Captain murders this man in an altercation as Tommy watches. Tommy’s mother convinces him that he did not see or hear the incident and must never tell anyone about it; as a result, he becomes deaf, dumb, and blind to the outside world (“1921”). Tommy now relies on his sense of touch and imagination, developing a fascinating inner psyche (“Amazing Journey/Sparks”).

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A quack claims his wife can cure Tommy (“The Hawker”), while Tommy’s parents are increasingly frustrated that he will never find religion in the midst of his isolation (“Christmas”). They begin to neglect him, leaving him to be tortured by his sadistic “Cousin Kevin” and molested by his uncle Ernie (“Fiddle About”). The Hawker’s drug addicted wife, “The Acid Queen”, gives Tommy a dose of LSD, causing a hallucinogenic experience that is expressed musically (“Underture”).

As Tommy grows older, he discovers that he can feel vibrations sufficiently well to become an expert pinball player (“Pinball Wizard”). His parents take him to a respected doctor (“There’s a Doctor”), who determines that the boy’s disabilities are psychosomatic rather than physical. Tommy is told by the Doctor to “Go to the Mirror!”, and his parents notice he can stare at his reflection. After seeing Tommy spend extended periods staring at a mirror in the house, his mother smashes it out of frustration (“Smash the Mirror”). This removes Tommy’s mental block, and he recovers his senses, realising he can become a powerful leader (“Sensation”). He starts a religious movement (“I’m Free”), which generates fervor among its adherents (“Sally Simpson”) and expands into a holiday camp (“Welcome” / “Tommy’s Holiday Camp”). However, Tommy’s followers ultimately reject his teachings and leave the camp (“We’re Not Gonna Take It”). Tommy retreats inward again (“See Me, Feel Me”) with his “continuing statement of wonder at that which encompasses him”.

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Townshend had been looking at ways of progressing beyond the standard three minute pop single format since 1966. Co-manager Kit Lambert shared Townshend’s views and encouraged him to develop musical ideas coming up with the term “rock opera”. The first use of the term was applied to a suite called “Quads”, set in a future where parents could choose the sex of their children. A couple want four girls but instead receive three girls and a boy, raising him as a girl anyway. The opera was abandoned after writing a single song, the hit single, “I’m a Boy”. When the Who’s second album, A Quick One ran short of material during recording, Lambert suggested that Townshend should write a “mini-opera” to fill the gap. Townshend initially objected, but eventually agreed to do so, coming up with “A Quick One, While He’s Away”, which joined short pieces of music together into a continuous narrative.[6] During 1967, Townshend learned how to play the piano and began writing songs on it, taking his work more seriously.[7] That year’s The Who Sell Out included a mini-opera in the last track, “Rael”, which like “A Quick One…” was a suite of musical segments joined together.[8] A portion of “Rael” is the basis of the Tommy instrumental track “Sparks”.

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By 1968, Townshend was unsure about how the Who should progress musically. The group were no longer teenagers, but he wanted their music to remain relevant. His friend, International Times art director Mike McInnerney, told him about the Indian spiritual mentor Meher Baba, and Townshend became fascinated with Baba’s values of compassion, love and introspection. The Who’s commercial success was on the wane after the single “Dogs” failed to make the top 20, and there was a genuine risk of the band breaking up. Live performances remained strong, and the group spent most of the spring and summer touring the US and Canada but their stage act relied on Townshend smashing his guitar or Moon demolishing his drums, which kept the group in debt. Townshend and Lambert realised they needed a larger vehicle for their music than hit singles, and a new stage show, and Townshend hoped to incorporate his love of Baba into this concept. He decided that the Who should record a series of songs that stood well in isolation, but formed a cohesive whole on the album. He also wanted the material performed in concert, to counteract the trend of bands like the Beatles and the Beach Boys, whose studio output was not designed for live performance.

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In August 1968, in an interview to Rolling Stone, Townsend talked about a new rock opera, which had the working title of Deaf, Dumb and Blind Boy, and described the entire plot in great detail, which ran to 11 pages. Who biographer Dave Marsh subsequently said the interview described the narrative better than the finished album. Townshend later regretted publishing so much detail, as he felt it forced him to write the album according to that blueprint. The rest of the Who, however, were enthusiastic about the idea, and let him have artistic control over the Project.

The Who started recording the album at IBC Studios on 19 September 1968. There was no firm title at this point, which was variously referred to as Deaf, Dumb and Blind Boy, Amazing Journey, Journey into Space, The Brain Opera and Omnibus. Townshend eventually settled on Tommy because it was a common British name, and a nickname for soldiers in World War I. Lambert took charge of the production, with Damon Lyon-Shaw as engineer. Sessions were block booked from 2pm – 10pm, but recording often spilled over into the early morning.

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The album was recorded onto eight track tape, which allowed various instruments to be overdubbed. Townshend used several guitars in the studio, but made particular use of the Gibson J-200 acoustic and the Gibson SG.[24] As well as their usual instruments, Townshend played piano and organ and bassist John Entwistle doubled on french horn. Keith Moon used a new double bass drum kit owned by roadie Tony Haslam, after Premier had refused to loan him any more equipment due to continual abuse.[22] Though Townshend wrote the majority of the material, the arrangements came from the entire band. Singer Roger Daltrey later said that Townshend often came in with a half-finished demo recording, adding “we probably did as much talking as we did recording, sorting out arrangements and things.” Townshend asked Entwistle to write two songs (“Cousin Kevin” and “Fiddle About”) that covered the darker themes of bullying and abuse. “Tommy’s Holiday Camp” was Moon’s suggestion of what religious movement Tommy could lead. Moon got the songwriting credit for suggesting the idea, though the music was composed and played by Townshend. A significant amount of material had a lighter style than earlier recordings, with greater prominence put on the vocals. Moon later said, “It was, at the time, very un-Wholike. A lot of the songs were soft. We never played like that.”

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Some of the material had already been written for other projects. “Sensation” was written about a girl Townshend had met on the Who’s tour of Australia in early 1968, “Welcome” and “I’m Free” were about peace found through Meher Baba and “Sally Simpson” was based on a gig with the Doors which was marred by violence.[28] Other songs had been previously recorded by the Who and were recycled; “It’s A Boy” was derived from “Glow Girl”, an out-take from The Who Sell Out, while “Sparks” and “Underture” re-used and expanded one of the instrumental themes in “Rael”. “Amazing Journey” was, according to Townshend, “the absolute beginning” of the opera and summarised the entire plot. “The Hawker” was a cover of Mose Allison’s “Eyesight to the Blind” (written by Sonny Boy Williamson). A cover of Mercy Dee Walton’s “One Room Country Shack” was also recorded but was scrapped from the final track listing as Townshend could not figure out a way to incorporate it in the plot.

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Recording at IBC was slow, due to a lack of a full plot and a full selection of songs. The group hoped that the album would be ready by Christmas, but sessions dragged on. Melody Maker’s Chris Welch visited IBC studios in November and while he was impressed with the working environment and the material,  the project still did not have a title and there was no coherent plotline. The Who’s US record company got so impatient waiting for new product that they released the compilation album Magic Bus: The Who on Tour which received a scathing review from Greil Marcus in Rolling Stone over its poor selection of material and misleading name (as the album contained studio recordings and was not live).

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The Who took a break from recording at the end of 1968 to tour, including a well received appearance at The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus on 10 December.[33] They resumed sessions at IBC in January 1969, block booking Monday to Thursday, but had to do gigs every weekend to stop going further into debt. A major tour was booked for the end of April, and the group’s management insisted that the album would have to be finished by then, as it had been well over a year since The Who Sell Out. Lambert wrote a script, Tommy (1914–1984) which he professionally printed, and gave copies to the band, which helped them focus the storyline, and also decide to make the album a double. The group were still coming up with new material; Lambert insisted that the piece should have a proper overtur,  while Townshend wrote “Pinball Wizard” so that Nik Cohn, a pinball fan, would give the album a favourable review in the New York Times. Lambert wanted an orchestra to appear on the album, but Townshend was strongly against the idea, and time and budget constraints meant it could not happen anyway.

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By March 1969, some songs had been recorded several times, yet Townshend still thought there were missing pieces. Entwistle had become fed up with recording, later saying “we had to keep going back and rejuvenating the numbers … it just started to drive us mad.” The final recording session took place on 7 March, the same day that “Pinball Wizard” was released as a single. The group started tour rehearsals and promotional activities for the single and Lambert went on holiday in Cairo. The mixing was left to Lyon-Shaw and assistant engineer Ted Sharp, who did not think IBC was well suited for the Task. The album overshot its April deadline, as stereo mastering continued into the end of the month. (by wikipedia)

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The full-blown rock opera about a deaf, dumb, and blind boy that launched the band to international superstardom, written almost entirely by Pete Townshend. Hailed as a breakthrough upon its release, its critical standing has diminished somewhat in the ensuing decades because of the occasional pretensions of the concept and because of the insubstantial nature of some of the songs that functioned as little more than devices to advance the rather sketchy plot. Nonetheless, the double album has many excellent songs, including “I’m Free,” “Pinball Wizard,” “Sensation,” “Christmas,” “We’re Not Gonna Take It,” and the dramatic ten-minute instrumental “Underture.” Though the album was slightly flawed, Townshend’s ability to construct a lengthy conceptual narrative brought new possibilities to rock music. Despite the complexity of the project, he and the Who never lost sight of solid pop melodies, harmonies, and forceful instrumentation, imbuing the material with a suitably powerful grace. (by Richie Unterberger)

This is a great example of a most imperfect 5 star album. Find all the flaws you can and it remains one of the most impressive rock albums ever made. (Howard Sauertieg)

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Personnel:
Roger Daltrey (vocals, harmonica)
John Entwistle (bass, french horn, vocals)
Keith Moon (drums, Percussion)

Pete Townshend (vocals, guitar, Keyboards, banjo)

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Tracklist:
01. Overture (Townshend) 3.50
02. It’s a Boy (Townshend) 2.07
03. 1921 (Townshend) 3.14
04. Amazing Journey (Townshend) 3.025
05. Sparks (Townshend) 3.45
06. The Hawker (Williamson) 2.15
07. Christmas (Townshend) 5.30
08. Cousin Kevin (Entwistle) 4.03
09. The Acid Queen (Townshend) 3.34
10. Underture (Townshend) 10.04
11. Do You Think It’s Alright? (Townshend) 0.25
12. Fiddle About (Entwistle) 1.31
13. Pinball Wizard (Townshend) 3.01
14. There’s A Doctor (Townshend) 0.24
15, Go To The Mirror! (Townshend) 3.38
16. Tommy Can You Hear Me? (Townshend) 1.36
17. Smash the Mirror (Townshend) 1.35
18. Sensation (Townshend) 2.29
19. Miracle Cure (Townshend) 0.13
20. Sally Simpson (Townshend) 4.11
21. I’m Free (Townshend) 2.39
22. Welcome (Townshend) 4.33
23. Tommy’s Holiday Camp (Moon) 0.57
24. We’re Not Gonna Take It (Townshend) 3.28
25. See Me, Feel Me (Townshend) 3.42

(Though later released as a single, “See Me, Feel Me” was not a track in its own right on the original album, and is included as the latter half of “We’re not Gonna Take It”.)

+ the bonus disc (The first twelve tracks are out-takes and demos and the last five are stereo-only demos.)
01. I Was (Townshend) 0.17
02. Christmas (Outtake 3) (Townshend) 4.43
03. Cousin Kevin Model Child (Townshend) 1.25
04. Young Man Blues (Version one) (Allison) 2.51
05. Tommy Can You Hear Me? (Alternate version) (Townshend)  1.59
06. Trying To Get Through (Townshend) 2.51
07. Sally Simpson (Outtake) 4.09
08. Miss Simpson (Townshend) 4.18
09. Welcome (Take two) (Townshend) 3.44
10, Tommy’s Holiday Camp (Band’s version) (Townshend) 1.07
11. We’re Not Gonna Take It (Alternate version) (Townshend) 6.08
12, Dogs (Part Two) (Moon) 2.26
13. It’s a Boy (Townshend) 0.43
14. Amazing Journey (Townshend) 3.41
15. Christmas (Townshend) 1.55
16. Do You Think It’s Alright (Townshend) 0.28
17. Pinball Wizard (Townshend) 3.46

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The Who – Live At Woodstock (1969)

FrontCover1.jpgLadies and gentlemen … The Who … live at the legendary Woodstock Festival in 1969;

The Who were scheduled as the second to last act (before Jefferson Airplane) to play on Saturday, August 16th. When they actually started playing it was already Sunday morning around 5:00. They played their exceptional Tommy album, a Rock Opera dealing with the struggle of a deaf, dumb and blind boy who later finds a cure and gains stardom with his messianic movement. The finale of this performance took place during sunrise which occured at 6:05 AM

The Who were touring in support of their Rock Opera album Tommy which was released the same year. The Woodstock performance is not as long as others during this period but powerful and insane given the time The Who were performing. Songs not played from the album are: “Overture”, “Cousin Kevin”, “Underture”, “Tommy, Can You Hear Me?”, “Miracle Cure”, “Sensation”, “Sally Simpson”, “Welcome”.

The setlist is a pretty standard example of their 1969 tour program, just a little shortened at times. For instance they didn’t play “A Quick One While He’s Away”, “Magic Bus” or a longer medley around “My Generation” which sometimes reached a length of 15 minutes. Nevertheless the presentation of the chosen songs was impressive and the magic and spirit of the music grew as Tommy reached its grande final with “See Me, Feel Me”. The dawn was coming up and the first daylight hit the stage. The Who closed with “My Generation”, an old hit dating back to the year 1965, and “Naked Eye”. There were only a few sleepless people in the audience left who finally witnessed the ritual guitar smashing of Pete Townshend pointing out that the gig has really come to an end.

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The Abbie Hoffman Incident  was an incident that happened during The Who’s set right after the song “Pinball Wizard”. Abbie Hoffman was able to get on stage and grab a microphone while Pete Townshend tuned his guitar. He said: “I think this is a pile of shit! While John Sinclair rots in prison…”. Hoffman was protesting against the imprisonment of John Sinclair (leader of the White Panther Party and manager of the left-wing hard-rock band MC5) who had been convicted and sentenced to nine years of prison because of marijuana possession. Townshend, angry that someone took the stage, yelled: “Fuck off! Fuck off my fucking stage!”, hit him with his guitar and sending him off stage again. Townshend then added: “I can dig it!”; And after the song “Do You Think It’s Alright?”: “The next fuckin’ person that walks across this stage is gonna get fuckin’ killed! [crowd cheers] You can laugh, I mean it!. A 16 second sound bite of the incident can be heard on The Who compilation set entitled Thirty Years of Maximum R&B (Disc 2, Track 20, “Abbie Hoffman Incident”).

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At the end of their set, Pete Townshend tossed his banged-up Gibson SG guitar into the crowd, but according to The Kids Are Alright DVD liner notes the guitar was promptly retrieved by one of the band’s roadies. Close inspection of film from both the Woodstock movie and the bonus DVD from the 40th anniversary issue confirms this (by woodstock.wikia.com)

What a night, what a concert …. Ladies and gentlemenThe Who … live at the legendary Woodstock Festival in 1969  … hot & nasty, loud & proud !

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Personnel:
Roger Daltrey (vocals)
John Entwistle (bass, vocals)
Keith Moon (drums)
Pete Townshend (guitar, vocals)

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Tracklist:
01. Heaven And Hell (Entwistle) 3.48
02. I Can’t Explain (Townshend) 2.26
03. It’s A Boy (Townshend) 0.37
04. 1921 (Townshend) 2.31
05. Amazing Journey (Townshend) 3.18
06. Sparks (Townshend) 5.27
07. Eyesight To The Blind (The Hawker) (Williamson) 2.05
08. Christmas (Townshend) 3.15
09. Acid Queen (Townshend) 3.32
10. Pinball Wizard (Townshend) 2.44
11. The Abbie Hoffman Incident 0.41
12. Do You Think It’s Alright? (Townshend) 0.46
13. Fiddle About (Entwistle) 1.14
14. There’s A Doctor (Townshend) 0.22
15. Go To The Mirror (Townshend) 3.20
16. Smash The Mirror (Townshend) 1.05
17. I´m Free (Townshend) 2.23
18. Tommy’s Holiday Camp (Townshend) 0.59
19. We’re Not Gonna Take It (Townshend) 3.32
20. See Me, Feel Me (Townshend) 5.12
21. Summertime Blues (Cochran/Capehart) 3.47
22. Shakin’ All Over (Kidd/Robinson) 4.41
23. My Generation/Naked Eye (Townshend) 7.21

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The Who – Join Together (1990)

frontcover1Join Together is a box set of live material released from The Who’s 1989 25th Anniversary Tour. Several of the tracks were recorded at Radio City Music Hall, New York, and at Universal Amphitheater, Los Angeles, with the rest from various other concerts during the tour. The live rendition of Tommy was compiled from two charity shows on 27 June at New York City’s Radio City Music Hall(*) and on 24 August at the Universal Amphitheatre in Los Angeles. (by wikipedia)
The Who’s 1989 Reunion Tour has long been met with criticism by fans; dubbed the Vegas tour or ‘The Who on Ice,’ the show drew ire for the inclusion of backing vocals, electronic keyboards, and horns to fill out the sound, which many felt betrayed the power of a band who punctuated its power with just three instruments and the most explosive voice in rock in its heyday. That said, there’s a lot like to about this tour: the set lists were impressive, often totaling up to 2 1/2 to 3 three hours and featuring nearly 40 songs, including many that had never been played live before. Roger was in great voice for most of the tour, and John was as good as ever. The one caveat, and it’s admittedly a big one, is that Pete played mostly acoustic guitar on the tour, and Steve Bolton was not able to accurately mimic his signature style, giving the songs a very hollow feel. (It’s very easy to tell when Pete switches over to electric on these tracks).

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The live album “Join Together” is a nice overview of some of the higher points of this tour. The performance of “Tommy” is very good, and the second disc has a great mix of hits and deep cuts. Among them are a bouncy “Join Together” and an awesome take on Entwistle’s gritty “Trick of the Light,” an excellent underrated gem from the “Who Are You” album. Pete’s solo cuts “A Little is Enough” and “Rough Boys” sound home surrounded by such big league classics. The horns are out of place on some tracks (like the power fills on “Baba O’Riley”) and some songs just sound flat out neutered with the big band sound (“I Can See for Miles” has none of the viciousness of the original here). That said, the band delivers for the most part, and it’s an entertaining listen despite deviating a bit from the classic Who sound. (Anthony Nasti )

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Personnel:
Roger Daltrey (vocals, tambourine, harmonica, guitar)
John Entwistle (bass, vocals)
Pete Townshend (guitar, vocals)
+
Steve ‘Boltz’ Bolton (guitar)
John Bundrick (keyboards)
Simon Clarke (brass)
Simon Gardner (brass)
Jody Linscott (percussion)
Roddy Lorimer (brass)
Simon Phillips (drums)
Tim Saunders (brass)
Neil Sidwell (brass)
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background vocals:
Chyna – Billy Nicholls – Cleveland Watkiss

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Tracklist:

CD 1: Tommy:
01. Overture/It’s A Boy (Townshend) 5.26
02. 1921 (Townshend) 2.52
03. Amazing Journey (Townshend) 3.07
04. Sparks (Townshend) 4.36
05. Eyesight To The Blind (The Hawker) (Williamson) 2.18
06. Christmas (Townshend) 4.25
07. Cousin Kevin (Entwistle) 3.56
08. The Acid Queen (Townshend) 3.44
09. Pinball Wizard (Townshend) 4.21
10. Do You Think It’s Alright? (Townshend) 0.23
11. Fiddle About (Entwistle) 1.39
12. There’s A Doctor  (Townshend) 0.21
13. Go To The Mirror! (Townshend) 3.22
14. Smash The Mirror (Townshend) 1.09
15. Tommy, Can You Hear Me? (Townshend) 0.58
16. I’m Free (Townshend) 2.09
17. Miracle Cure (Townshend) 0.25
18. Sally Simpson (Townshend) 4.18
19. Sensation (Townshend) 2.22
20. Tommy’s Holiday Camp (Moon) 0.58
21. We’re Not Gonna Take It (Townshend 8.44

CD 2:
01. Eminence Front (Townshend) 5.53
02. Face The Face (Townshend) 6.15
03. Dig (Townshend) 3.46
04. I Can See For Miles (Townshend) 3.43
05. Little Is Enough (Townshend) 5.06
08. 5:15 (Townshend) 5.48
09. Love Reign O’er Me (Townshend) 6.49
10. Trick Of The Light (Entwistle) 4.49
11. Rough Boys (Townshend) 4.44
12. Join Together (Townshend) 5.15
13. You Better You Bet (Townshend) 5.40
14. Behind Blue Eyes (Townshend) 3.38
15. Won’t Get Fooled Again (Townshend) 9.30

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The Who – Tommy (1969)

FrontCover1Tommy is the fourth studio album by the English rock band The Who, a double album first released in May 1969. The album was mostly composed by guitarist Pete Townshend as a rock opera that tells the story about a deaf, dumb and blind boy, including his experiences with life and the relationship with his family.

Townshend came up with the concept of Tommy after being introduced to the work of Meher Baba, and attempted to translate Baba’s teachings into music. Recording on the album began in September 1968, but took six months to complete as material needed to be arranged and re-recorded in the studio. Tommy was acclaimed upon its release by critics, who hailed it as the Who’s breakthrough. Its critical standing diminished slightly in later years; nonetheless, several writers view it as an important and influential album in the history of rock music. The Who promoted the album’s release with an extensive tour, including a live version of Tommy, which lasted throughout 1969 and 1970. Key gigs from the tour included appearances at Woodstock, the Metropolitan Opera House and the 1970 Isle of Wight Festival. The live performances of Tommy drew critical praise and rejuvenated the band’s career.

Subsequently, the rock opera developed into other media, including a Seattle Opera production in 1971, an orchestral version by Lou Reizner in 1972, a film in 1975, and a Broadway musical in 1992. The original album has sold 20 million copies and has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. It has been reissued several times on CD, including a remix by Jon Astley in 1996, a deluxe Super Audio CD in 2003, and a super deluxe box set in 2013, including previously unreleased demos and live material.

Tommy has never had a definitive plot, but the following synopsis was published following the original album’s release.

InTheStudio1969In the studio, 1969

British Army Captain Walker goes missing during an expedition and is believed dead (“Overture”). His widow, Mrs. Walker, gives birth to their son, Tommy (“It’s a Boy”). Years later, Captain Walker returns home and discovers that his wife has found a new lover. The Captain murders this man in an altercation. Tommy’s mother brainwashes him into believing he didn’t see or hear anything, shutting down his senses and making him deaf, dumb and blind to the outside world (“1921”). Tommy now relies on his sense of touch and imagination, developing a fascinating inner psyche (“Amazing Journey/Sparks”).

A quack claims his wife can cure Tommy (“The Hawker”), while Tommy’s parents are increasingly frustrated that he will never find religion in the midst of his isolation (“Christmas”). Tommy’s parents begin to neglect him; he is tortured by his sadistic “Cousin Kevin”, and molested by his uncle Ernie (“Do You Think It’s Alright?”, “Fiddle About”), and given LSD by the Hawker’s wife, “The Acid Queen”. Tommy’s hallucinogenic experience is expressed musically (“Underture”).

PeteTownshendAs Tommy grows older, he discovers he can feel vibrations sufficiently well to become an expert pinball player (“Pinball Wizard”). His parents take him to a respected doctor (“There’s a Doctor”), who determines that the boy’s disabilities are psychosomatic rather than physical. Tommy is told by the Doctor to “Go to the Mirror!”, and his parents notice he can stare at his reflection. After spending extensive time staring at a mirror in the house, his mother smashes it out of frustration (“Smash The Mirror”). This removes Tommy’s mental block, and he recovers his senses, realising he can become a powerful leader (“Sensation”). He starts a religious movement (“I’m Free”), which expands into a holiday camp (“Welcome” / “Tommy’s Holiday Camp”). The followers, however, ultimately reject Tommy’s teachings and leave the camp (“We’re Not Gonna Take It”). Tommy retreats inward again (“See Me, Feel Me”) with his “continuing statement of wonder at that which encompasses him”. (by wikipedia)

Inlet01AThe full-blown rock opera about a deaf, dumb, and blind boy that launched the band to international superstardom, written almost entirely by Pete Townshend. Hailed as a breakthrough upon its release, its critical standing has diminished somewhat in the ensuing decades because of the occasional pretensions of the concept and because of the insubstantial nature of some of the songs that functioned as little more than devices to advance the rather sketchy plot. Nonetheless, the double album has many excellent songs, including “I’m Free,” “Pinball Wizard,” “Sensation,” “Christmas,” “We’re Not Gonna Take It,” and the dramatic ten-minute instrumental “Underture.” Though the album was slightly flawed, Townshend’s ability to construct a lengthy conceptual narrative brought new possibilities to rock music. Despite the complexity of the project, he and the Who never lost sight of solid pop melodies, harmonies, and forceful instrumentation, imbuing the material with a suitably powerful grace. (by Richie Unterberger)

The record illustrations for this entry are taken from the original Tommy album from my older brother´s collection. So, I dedicate this entry not only to mastermind Pete Townshend, but to my older brother, who died 2 years ago, too.

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Personnel:
Roger Daltrey (vocals, harmonica)
John Entwistle (bass, french horn, vocals)
Keith Moon (drums)
Pete Townshend (guitar, keyboards, vocals)

Inlet02ATracklist:
01. Overture (Townshend) 3.50
02. It’s A Boy (Townshend) 2.07
03. 1921 (Townshend) 3.14
04. Amazing Journey (Townshend) 3.25
05. Sparks (Townshend) 3.45
06. Eyesight To The Blind (The Hawker) (Williamson) 2.15
07. Christmas (Townshend) 5.30
08. Cousin Kevin (Townshend) 4.03
09. The Acid Queen (Townshend) 3.31
10. Underture (Townshend) 9.55
11. Do You Think It’s Alright? (Townshend) 0.24
12. Fiddle About (Entwistle) 1.26
13. Pinball Wizard (Townshend) 3.50
14. There’s A Doctor (Townshend) 0.25
15. Go To The Mirror! (Townshend) 3.50
16. Tommy Can You Hear Me? (Townshend) 1.35
17. Smash The Mirror (Townshend) 1.20
18. Sensation (Townshend) 2.32
19. Miracle Cure (Townshend) 0.10
20. Sally Simpson (Townshend) 4.10
21. I’m Free (Townshend) 2.40
22. Welcome (Townshend) 4.30
23. Tommy’s Holiday Camp (Moon) 0.57
24. We’re Not Gonna Take It (Townshend) 6.45

LabelD1*
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HappyBirthday

Various Artists – Monterey Pop Festival 67 (Part 2): The Who – Steve Miller – Scott McKenzie – Simon & Garfunkel (1989)

FrontCover1Monterey Pop Festival ’67 – The Summer Of Love All Began From Here” is an Italien bootleg from 1989 and includes 7 LPs in a box (and the cover art is pretty great, too). And this set (the sound is very good throughout!) is documenting the legendary California rock festival:

The Monterey International Pop Music Festival was a three-day concert event held June 16 to June 18, 1967 at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey, California. Crowd estimates for the festival have ranged from 25,000-90,000 people, who congregated in and around the festival grounds. The fairgrounds’ enclosed performance arena, where the music took place, had an approved festival capacity of 7,000, but it was estimated that 8,500 jammed into it for Saturday night’s show. Festival-goers who wanted to see the musical performances were required to have either an ‘all-festival’ ticket or a separate ticket for each of the five scheduled concert events they wanted to attend in the arena: Friday night, Saturday afternoon and night, and Sunday afternoon and night. Ticket prices varied by seating area, and ranged from $3 to $6.50 ($21–46, adjusted for inflation.

TheWhoAtMonteryThe Who at the Monterey Pop Festival ’67

More informations about this festival here.

And here´s the second Lp from the box-set. including the legendary performance of The Who (including a rare live performance of “Pictures Of Lily”) and much more. Steve Miller with the “Mercury Blues” (reminds me to “Spoonful”), Scott McKenzie with his great hymn “San Francisco” (the only real live performance of this song, played together with the “Mamas And Papas” !) and a nice performance by Simon & Garfunkel … a real acoustic performance … one guitar and two voices …

Enjoy this very rare recordings ….

ScottMcKenzieAtMontereyScott McKenzie at the Monterey Pop Festival ’67

Tracklist:

The Who:
01. Summertime Blues (Cochran/Capehaeart) 3.05
02. Pictures Of Lily (Townshend) 2.30
03. Happy Jack (Townshend) 2.15
04. My Generation (Townshend) 3.30

Steve Miller Blues Band:
05. Mercury Blues     3.47

Scott McKenzie:
06. San Francisco     4.20

Simon & Garfunkel:
07. Introduction + Homeward Bound (Simon) 2.55
08. At The Zoo (Simon) 2.17
09. Announcment +  Feelin’ Groovy (Simon) 3.29
10. For Emily, Whenever I May Found Her (Simon) 2.42
11. Sound Of Silence (Simon) 3.10
12. Benedictus (de Lassus) 3.45
13. Punky’s Dilemma (Simon) 3.40

LabelA*
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The Who – Who´s Next (Deluxe Edition) (1971/2003)

LPFrontCover1Who’s Next is the fifth studio album by English rock band the Who, released in August 1971. Its origins lie in an abortive multi-media rock opera written by chief songwriter Pete Townshend called Lifehouse. The album was commercially and critically successful, and became the only one by the group to top the UK charts.

Townshend had begun to look at a follow up for Tommy (1969) during the latter half of 1970, and came up with Lifehouse as a means of integrating the band and audience together, using rock music as a means of enlightenment. The group played a series of concerts at the Young Vic theatre in London, and recorded material at the Record Plant studios in New York, before abandoning the project due to its complexity and manager Kit Lambert’s addiction to hard drugs. Following the cancellation of Lifehouse, Townshend was persuaded to record the songs as a straightforward studio album, with assistance from recording engineer Glyn Johns. After recording “Won’t Get Fooled Again” at Mick Jagger’s house Stargroves using the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio, the group relocated to Olympic Studios where most of the material was recorded and mixed. The album makes prominent use of the synthesizer, particularly on the tracks “Baba O’Riley” and “Won’t Get Fooled Again”.

The album was an immediate success when it was released, and has been certified 3× platinum by the RIAA. It continues to be critically acclaimed, including being cited by Time magazine as one of the best 100 albums of all time, and has been reissued on CD several times with additional material intended for Lifehouse.

Booklet-3ABy 1970, the Who had obtained great critical and commercial success, but they had started to become detached from their original audience. The mod movement had vanished, and the original followers from Shepherd’s Bush had grown up and acquired jobs and families. The group had started to drift apart from manager Kit Lambert due to his preoccupation with their label, Track Records. They had been touring since the release of Tommy the previous May, with a set that contained most of that album, but realized that millions had now seen their live performances and Pete Townshend in particular recognized that they needed to do something new. A single, “The Seeker” and a live album, Live at Leeds were released in 1970, and an EP of new material (“Water”, “Naked Eye”, “I Don’t Even Know Myself”, “Postcard” and “Now I’m a Farmer”) was recorded, but not released as the band felt it would not be a satisfactory follow-up for Tommy.

The album had its roots in a project called Lifehouse. This evolved from a series of columns Townshend wrote for Melody Maker in August 1970, where he discussed the importance of rock music, and in particular what the audience could do. Of all the group, he was the most keen to use music as a communication device, and wanted to branch out into other media, including film, to get away from the traditional album / tour cycle.Townshend has variously described Lifehouse as a futuristic rock opera, a live-recorded concept album and as the music for a scripted film project.] The basic plot was outlined in an interview Townshend gave to Disc and Music Echo on 24 October 1970.[15] Lifehouse is set in the near future where music was banned and most of the population lived indoors in government controlled “experience suits”. A rebel, Bobby, broadcasts rock music into the suits, that allows people to remove them and become more enlightened. Some elements accurately described future technology, such as The Grid being a prototype of the internet and “grid sleep” resembling virtual reality.

JohnEntwistleThe group held a press conference on 13 January 1971, explaining that they would be giving a series of concerts at the Young Vic theatre, where they would develop the fictional elements of the proposed film along with the audience. After Keith Moon had completed his work on the film 200 Motels, the group gave their first Young Vic concert on 15 February. The show included a new quadrophonic public address system which cost £30,000 and the audience was invited from various organisations such as youth clubs, with a few tickets on sale to the general public.

After initial concerts, the group flew to New York’s Record Plant Studios at Lambert’s suggestion, for studio recordings. The group were joined by guests Al Kooper on Hammond organ, Ken Ascher on piano and Leslie West on guitar. Townshend received a 1957 Gretsch guitar from Joe Walsh, which was used during the session and went on to become his main guitar for studio recording. Lambert’s participation in the recording was minimal, and he proved to be unable to mix the final recordings. He had started taking hard drugs, while Townshend was drinking brandy regularly. After returning to Britain, engineer Glyn Johns made safety copies of the Record Plant material, but decided that it would be better to re-record it from scratch at Olympic Sound Studios in Barnes.

KeithMoonThe group gave a further series of concerts at the Young Vic on 25 and 26 April, which were recorded on the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio by Andy Johns, but Townshend grew disillusioned with Lifehouse and further shows were cancelled. The project proved to be intractable on several levels and caused stress within the band as well as a major falling out between Townshend and Lambert. Years later, in the liner notes to the remastered CD, Townshend wrote that the failure of the project led him to the verge of a nervous breakdown. Audiences at the Young Vic gigs were not interested in interacting with the group to create new material, but simply wanted the Who to play “My Generation” and smash a guitar. Roger Daltrey, at the time, said the Who “were never nearer to breaking up”.

RogerDaltreyAlthough the Lifehouse concept was abandoned, scraps of the project remained present in the final album, including the use of synthesizers and computers. An early concept for Lifehouse featured the feeding of personal data from audience members into the controller of an early analogue synthesiser to create a “universal chord” that would have ended the proposed film. A key result of abandoning Lifehouse was a newfound freedom; the very absence of an overriding musical theme or storyline (which had been the basis of Tommy) allowed the band to concentrate on maximising the impact of individual tracks, and providing a common sound between them.

Although he gave up his original intentions for the Lifehouse project, Townshend continued to develop the concepts, revisiting them in later albums, including a 6-CD set, The Lifehouse Chronicles in 1999. In 2007 he opened a website called The Lifehouse Method to accept personal input from applicants which would be turned into musical portraits.
Recording
Most of Who’s Next was recorded at Olympic Studios, Barnes with Glyn Johns.

The first session for what became Who’s Next was at Mick Jagger’s house, Stargroves at the start of April 1971, using the Rolling Stones Mobile. The final backing track of “Won’t Get Fooled Again” was recorded there. Townshend later recalled, “we did a test run and it was fucking incredible” and decided to relocate recording to Olympic at Johns’ suggestion. Recording there started on 9 April, where the band attempted a basic take of “Bargain”. The bulk of the sessions occurred during May, when the group recorded “Time is Passing”, “Pure and Easy”, “Love Ain’t for Keeping” (which had been reworked from a rock track into an acoustic arrangement), “Behind Blue Eyes”, “The Song Is Over”, “Let’s See Action” and “Baba O’Riley”. Nicky Hopkins guested on piano, while Dave Arbus was invited by Moon to play violin on “Baba O’Riley”. John Entwistle’s “My Wife” was added to the album at the last minute late in the sessions, and was originally intended for a solo album.

Booklet-13AIn contrast to the Record Plant and Young Vic sessions, recording with Johns went well as he was primarily concerned about creating a good sound, whereas Lambert had always been more preoccupied about the group’s image. Townshend recalled, “we were just getting astounded at the sounds Glyn was producing”. Townshend used the early synthesisers and modified keyboard sounds in several modes: as a drone effect on several songs, notably “Baba O’Riley” and “Won’t Get Fooled Again”, as well as “Bargain”, “Going Mobile” and “The Song Is Over”. The synthesizer was used as an integral part of the sound, as opposed to gloss that had appeared on other artists’ albums up to this point.  Moon’s drumming had a distinctly different style from earlier albums, being more formal and less reliant on large drum fills – partly due to the synthesizer backing, but also due to Johns’ no-nonsense production techniques, who insisted on a good recording performance that only used flamboyancy when truly necessary. Johns was instrumental in convincing the Who that they should simply put a single studio album out, believing the songs to be excellent. The group gave him free rein to assemble a single album of whatever songs he wanted in any order. Despite Johns’ key contributions, he only received an associate producer credit on the finished album, though he maintained he acted mainly in an engineering capacity and based most of the arrangements from Townshend’s original demos.

Ad1The album opened with “Baba O’Riley,” featuring piano and synthesizer-processed Lowrey organ by Townshend. The song’s title pays homage to Townshend’s guru Meher Baba and minimalist composer Terry Riley (and is informally known by the line “Teenage Wasteland”). The organ track came from a longer demo by Townshend, portions of which were later included on a Baba tribute album, I Am, that was edited down for the final recording. Townshend later said this part had “two or three thousand edits to it”. The opening lyrics to the next track, “Bargain”, “I’d gladly lose me to find you”, came from a phrase used by Baba. Entwistle wrote “My Wife” after having an argument with his wife and exaggerating the conflict in the lyrics. The track features several overdubbed brass instruments recorded in a single half hour session. “Pure and Easy”, a key track from Lifehouse, did not make the final track selection, but the opening line was included as a coda to “The Song is Over”.

“Behind Blue Eyes” featured three part harmony from Daltrey, Townshend and Entwistle and was written for the main antagonist in Lifehouse, Brick. Moon, uncharacteristically, did not appear on the first half of the track, which was later described by Who biographer Dave Marsh as “the longest time Keith Moon was still in his entire life.” The closing track, “Won’t Get Fooled Again” was critical of revolutions. Townshend explained, “a revolution is only a revolution in the long run and a lot of people are going to get hurt”. The song features the Lowrey organ fed through an ARP synthesizer, which came from Townshend’s original demo and was re-used for the finished track.

The cover artwork shows a photograph, taken at Easington Colliery, of the band apparently having just urinated on a large concrete piling protruding from a slag heap. According to photographer Ethan Russell, most of the members were unable to urinate, so rainwater was tipped from an empty film canister to achieve the desired effect. The rear cover showed the band backstage at De Montfort Hall, Leicester.  In 2003, the television channel VH1 named Who’s Next’s cover one of the greatest album covers of all time.

Other suggestions for the cover included the group urinating against a Marshall Stack and an overweight nude woman with the Who’s faces in place of her genitalia. An alternative cover featuring Moon dressed in black lingerie and a brown wig, holding a whip, was later used for the inside art for the 1995 and 2003 CD releases. Some of the photographs taken during these sessions were later used as part of Decca’s United States promotion of the album.

Fotosession01The opening single, “Won’t Get Fooled Again” (edited down to three and a half minutes) was released on 25 June 1971 in the UK and 17 July in the US ahead of the album. It reached #9 and #15 in the charts respectively. The album was released on 14 August in the US and 27 August in the UK. It became the only album by the Who to top the UK charts.

The Who starting touring the US just before the album was released. The group used the Lifehouse PA, though soundman Bob Pridden found the technical requirements of the equipment to be over-complicated. The set list was revamped, and while it included a smaller selection of numbers from Tommy, several new numbers from the new album such as “My Wife”, “Baba O’Riley” and “Won’t Get Fooled Again” became live favourites. The latter two songs involved the band playing to a backing track containing the synthesizer parts. The tour moved to the UK in September, including a show at The Oval, Kennington in front of 35,000 fans, and the opening gig at the Rainbow Theatre in Finsbury Park, before going back to the US, ending in Seattle on December 15. The group then took eight months off touring, the longest break by far during their career to that point.
Several additional songs recorded at the Who’s Next sessions were released later as singles or on compilations. “Let’s See Action” was released as a single in 1971, followed by “Join Together” in June 1972 and “Relay” in November. “Pure and Easy”, “Put The Money Down” and “Too Much of Anything” were released on the album Odds & Sods, while “Time is Passing” was added to the 1998 CD version. A cover of “Baby Don’t You Do It” was recorded and the longest version currently available is on the deluxe edition of the album.

The album has been re-issued remastered several times using tapes from different sessions. The master tapes for the Olympic sessions are believed to be lost, as Virgin Records threw out a substantial amount of old tapes when they purchased the studio in the 1980s. Video game publisher Harmonix wanted to release Who’s Next as downloadable, playable content for the music video game series Rock Band, but were unable to do so due to difficulty finding the original multi track recordings. Instead, a compilation of Who songs dubbed “The Best of The Who,” which includes three of the album’s songs (“Behind Blue Eyes”, “Baba O’Riley”, and “Going Mobile”), was released as downloadable content, in lieu of the earlier-promised Who’s Next album. The 16-track tapes to “Won’t Get Fooled Again” and the 8-track tapes to the other material except “Bargain” and “Getting In Tune” have since been discovered.

In a contemporary review for The Village Voice, music critic Robert Christgau called Who’s Next “the best hard rock album in years” and said that, while their previous recordings were marred by a thin sound, the group now “achieves the same resonant immediacy in the studio that it does live.” Billy Walker of Sounds magazine was especially complimentary of “Baba O’Riley”, “My Wife”, and “The Song Is Over”, and stated, “After the unique brilliance of Tommy something special had to be thought out and the fact that they settled for a straight-forward album rather than an extension of their rock opera, says much for their courage and inventiveness.” Rolling Stone magazine’s John Mendelsohn felt that, despite some amount of seriousness and artificiality, the album’s brand of rock and roll is “intelligently-conceived, superbly-performed, brilliantly-produced, and sometimes even exciting”.

SingleAccording to Q magazine, Who’s Next is “considered by many” to be the Who’s best album. In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine viewed the album as more genuine than Tommy or the aborted Lifehouse project because “those were art — [Who’s Next], even with its pretensions, is rock & roll.” BBC Music’s Chris Roberts cited it as the group’s best album and “one of those carved-in-stone landmarks that the rock canon doesn’t allow you to bad-mouth.” Mojo magazine said that its sophisticated music and hook-laden songs featured innovative use of rock synthesizers that did not weaken the Who’s characteristic “power-quartet attack”. In The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (1998), Colin Larkin wrote that the album “set a hard rock standard that even its creators struggled to emulate.”[ Larkin remarked that the group’s “sense of dynamics” was highlighted by the contrast between their powerful playing and the counterpoint produced at times by acoustic guitars and synthesizer obbligatos.

Who’s Next was named the best album of the year in the Pazz & Jop, an annual critics’ poll published by The Village Voice. It has since been named one of the best albums of all time by VH1 (#13) and Rolling Stone (#28 on its 500 Greatest Albums of All Time). The album appeared at number 15 on Pitchfork Media’s top 100 albums of the 1970s. The album is also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. The album has been certified as 3x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.

In 2006, the album was chosen by Time magazine as one of the 100 best albums of all time. The album has been featured as part of the Classic Albums BBC documentary series, initially on radio in 1989, and then on television in 1998.[65] The television documentary has since been released on DVD as Classic Albums: The Who – Who’s Next.[66] In 2007, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for “lasting qualitative or historical significance”. (by wikipedia)

AnotherAd1Personnel:
Roger Daltrey (vocals)
John Entwistle (bass, brass, vocals, piano on 04.)
Keith Moon (drums, percussion)
Pete Townshend (guitar, organ, synthesizer, vocals + piano on 01., vocals on 13.)
+
Dave Arbus (violin on 01.)
Nicky Hopkins – piano on “The Song Is Over” and “Getting in Tune”
Al Kooper (organ on 15.)
Leslie West (guitar on 10.)

LPBackCoverTracklist:

CD 1:
The first disc of the Deluxe Edition contains the nine tracks from the original album containing the original mix, followed by six outtakes, of which “Getting in Tune” and “Won’t Get Fooled Again” were previously unreleased. Each of the six outtakes was recorded during the Record Plant sessions in March 1971 before work restarted in the UK.

01. Baba O’Riley (Townshend) 5.08
02. Bargain (Townshend) 5.34
03. Love Ain’t for Keeping (Townshend) 2.10
04. My Wife (Entwistle) 3.41
05. The Song Is Over (Townshend) 6.14
06. Getting In Tune (Townshend) 4.50
07. Going Mobile (Townshend) 3.42
08. Behind Blue Eyes (Townshend) 3.42
09. Won’t Get Fooled Again (Townshend) 8.32
+
10. Baby Don’t You Do It (longer version) (B.Holland/Dozier/E.Holland) 8.21
11. Getting In Tune (Townshend) 6.36
12. Pure And Easy (alternate version) (Townshend) 4.33
13. Love Ain’t For Keeping (electric version) (Townshend) 4.06
14. Behind Blue Eyes (alternate version) (Townshend) 3.30
15. Won’t Get Fooled Again (original New York sessions version) (Townshend) 8.48

CD 2:
The tracks on the second disc were recorded live at the Young Vic Theatre, London, on 26 April 1971. All of the tracks were previously unreleased except for “Water” and “Naked Eye”

01. Love Ain’t For Keeping (Townshend) 2.57
02. Pure and Easy (Townshend) 6.00
03. Young Man Blues (Allison) 4.47
04. Time Is Passing (Townshend) 3.59
05. Behind Blue Eyes (Townshend) 4.49
06. I Don’t Even Know Myself (Townshend) 5.42
07. Too Much Of Anything (Townshend) 4.20
08. Getting In Tune (Townshend) 6.42
09. Bargain (Townshend) 5.46
10. Water (Townshend) 8.19
11. My Generation (Townshend) 2.58
12. Road Runner (McDaniel) 3.14
13. Naked Eye (Townshend) 6.21
14. Won’t Get Fooled Again (Townshend) 8.50

LabelB1

CD 1:
*
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CD 2 (+ artwork):
* (coming soon)
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Fotosession02

Various Artists – Concerts For The People Of Kampuchea (1981)

FrontCover1 During the four nights after Christmas in 1979, a number of musicians got together at the Hammersmith Odeon in England for a series of benefit concerts to provide famine relief to the victims of Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia. The event was organized by Paul McCartney and Kurt Waldheim (who was then Secretary-General of the U.N.), and it involved older artists such as McCartney and the Who as well as younger new wave acts like the Clash and the Pretenders. A 2-LP set titled Concerts for the People of Kampuchea was issued in 1981, containing selected highlights from the four evenings. It’s good to have some historical document of this event. Although the album isn’t the best of its kind, it does capture an interesting moment in rock history.

ConcertProgrameSide One is owned by the Who, who reportedly played a three-hour set on the third night. The four songs contained here are well-played by the post-Keith Moon quartet. It’s not exactly a Live At Leeds-class performance, but it’s respectable enough. A good performance of the then-timely “Sister Disco” makes this set unique.

Side Two contains three songs by the Pretenders (the original lineup, no less) and one from Elvis Costello. It’s good to hear lively performances by these new wave icons in their prime, but the high points of this side are the two rollicking numbers by Rockpile, featuring Nick Lowe and Dave Edmunds. Their guest vocalist on “Little Sister” is none other than Robert Plant, doing his best Elvis impersonation.

Side Three demonstrates the difficulty of doing justice to so many artists within the constraints of an LP, as it allows only one song apiece for four of the acts. Queen had the first night of the event to themselves, but they are only represented by one long song. The Clash’s set could probably have been represented by a better song than “Armagideon Time”, though the song is appropriately solemn for the occasion. It’s more fun to hear Ian Dury’s goofy “Hit Me With Your Rhythm Stick” and the Specials’ droll “Monkey Man”. The latter is a reminder of the 1979 ska revival in England.

Side Four showcases McCartney’s exploits during the fourth and final evening, first with three Wings songs, and then with three bombastic numbers by Rockestra, a McCartney-led jam of at least twenty English rockers. (The credited list appears at the bottom of this page). The “Rockestra Theme” won a Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. This is definitely a unique moment that is interesting to hear and see. Unfortunately, the documentary Rock For Kampuchea has never been released on DVD. But, thanks to YouTube, the “Rockestra Theme” footage is embedded below:

Booklet1 Whereas George Harrison had his all-star charity concert for the people of Bangladesh, Paul McCartney had this December, 1979 series of concerts in Hammersmith Odeon to raise money for the victims of Pol Pot’s reign of terror in Cambodia. It was a meeting of the old guard (McCartney, the Who) and the new (the Clash, Ian Dury, the Pretenders, Elvis Costello), and those in the middle (Queen) who could sneak in. The audio quality is shabby; nothing leaps out as being more sonically interesting than a live radio broadcast, and the performances are okay but not staggering. the Who — with a full side devoted to them — deliver their usual stadium set (edited from a three-hour performance). Queen, on the other hand, who similarly had a full night to themselves, get one song. Of most interest in terms of rockstar-watching is the “Rockestra,” a supergroup of the musicians from all three nights. Before the infamous Rock and Roll Hall of Fame superstar jams, here’s about 30 rockers plowing away at “Lucille” and “Let It Be” in front of thousands of awestruck fans. Of archival interest mostly: I guess you had to be there. (by Ted Mills)

DVDCoverPersonnel (Rockestra):

Piano: Paul McCartney
Keyboards: Linda McCartney, Tony Ashton, Gary Brooker
Guitars: Denny Laine, Laurence Juber, James Honeyman-Scott, Dave Edmunds, Billy Bremner, Pete Townshend, Robert Plant
Bass: Paul McCartney, Bruce Thomas, Ronnie Lane, John Paul Jones
Drums, Percussion: Steve Holley, Kenney Jones, Tony Carr, Morris Pert, Speedy Acquaye, John Bonham
Horns: Howie Casey, Steve Howard, Thaddeus Richard, Tony Dorsey
Vocals: Paul McCartney, Linda McCartney, John Paul Jones, Ronnie Lane, Bruce Thomas, Robert Plant

RockestraA small part of Rockestra

Tracklist:

The Who:
01. Baba O´Riley (Townshend) 5.22
02. Sister Disco (Townshend) 5.22
03. Behind Blue Eyes (Townshend) 3.41
04. See Me, Feel Me (Townshend) 6.02

Pretenders:
05. The Wait (Hynde/Farndon) 3.32
06. Precious (Hynde) 3.27
07. Tattooed Love Boys (Hynde) 3.23

Elvis Costello & The Attractions:
08. The Imposter (Costello) 2.15

Rockpile:
09. Crawling From The Wreckage (Parker) 3.06
10. Littler Sister (with Robert Plant)(Pomus/Shuman) 3.34

Queen:
11. Now I´m Here (May) 7.00

The Clash:
12. Armagideon Time (Bennett)

Ian Dury & The Blockheads:
13, Hit Me With Your Rhythm Stick (Dury/Jankel)

The Specials:
14. Monkey Man (Hibbert) 4.17

Paul McCartney & Wings:
15. Got To Get You Into My Life (Lennon/McCartney) 3.06
16. Every Night (MyCartney) 4.23
17. Coming Up (McCartney) 4.15

Rockestra:
18. Lucille (Collins/Penniman) 3.08
19. Let It Be (Lennon/McCartney) 4.14
20. Rockestra Theme (McCartney) 2.37

LabelD1* (coming soon)
**