Mike Oldfield – Ommadawn (Deluxe Edition) (1975)

LPFrontCover1Michael Gordon Oldfield (born 15 May 1953) is a British musician, songwriter, and producer best known for his debut studio album Tubular Bells (1973), which became an unexpected critical and commercial success. He is regarded as one of the greatest multi-instrumentalists of all time. Though primarily a guitarist, Oldfield plays a range of instruments, which includes keyboards, percussion, and vocals. He has adopted a range of musical styles throughout his career, including progressive rock, world, folk, classical, electronic, ambient, and new age music.

Oldfield took up the guitar at age ten and left school in his teens to embark on a music career. From 1967 to 1970, he and his sister Sally Oldfield were a folk duo The Sallyangie, Mike Oldfield02after which he performed with Kevin Ayers. In 1971, Oldfield started work on Tubular Bells which caught the attention of Richard Branson, who agreed to release it on his new label, Virgin Records. Its opening was used in the horror film The Exorcist and the album went on to sell over 2.7 million copies in the UK. Oldfield followed it with Hergest Ridge (1974), Ommadawn (1975), and Incantations (1978), all of which feature longform and mostly instrumental pieces.

In the late 1970s, Oldfield began to tour and release more commercial and song-based music, beginning with Platinum (1979), QE2 (1980), and Five Miles Out (1982). His most successful album of this period was Crises (1983), which features the worldwide hit single “Moonlight Shadow” with vocalist Maggie Reilly. After signing with WEA in the early 1990s, Oldfield’s most significant album of the decade was Tubular Bells II (1992) and experimented with virtual reality and gaming content with his MusicVR project. In 2012, he performed at the opening ceremony for the 2012 Olympic Games held in London. Oldfield’s discography includes 26 studio albums, nine of which have reached the UK top-ten. His most recent album is Return to Ommadawn.

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Ommadawn is the third studio album by English musician, multi-instrumentalist and songwriter Mike Oldfield, released on 25 October 1975 on Virgin Records.

Ommadawn peaked at No. 4 on the UK Albums Chart, No. 74 in Canada,[3] and No. 146 on the US Billboard 200. The song that concludes “Ommadawn (Part Two)”, entitled “On Horseback”, was released as a single in November 1975 with Oldfield’s non-album track “In Dulci Jubilo”. The album reached gold certification by the British Phonographic Industry within two months, signifying 100,000 copies sold. In 2010, Mercury Records issued a remastered edition containing new stereo and 5.1 surround sound mixes by Oldfield and extra material. Oldfield had wanted to make Amarok (1990) a sequel album to Ommadawn, but the idea was not realised until he released Return to Ommadawn (2017).

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By the end of 1974, Oldfield had been propelled to worldwide fame due to the unexpected critical and commercial success of his debut studio album, Tubular Bells (1973). He followed it with Hergest Ridge (1974), which generated a more negative critical reaction in comparison, which disappointed him but led to a creative period as he vowed to deliver a follow-up that was “worthwhile and successful”, proving he was not a one-hit wonder with the success of Tubular Bells. When Oldfield started to work on new music for Ommadawn, he wanted to avoid professional studios and persuaded his label, Virgin Records, to install a 24-track studio at The Beacon, his home in Kington, Herefordshire. Oldfield recorded Ommadawn at The Beacon between January and September 1975; the African drums were recorded at The Manor in Shipton-on-Cherwell, Oxfordshire, where Oldfield had recorded Tubular Bells and Hergest Ridge. The Manor was chosen as there was insufficient space at The Beacon to accommodate the instruments and equipment. Oldfield is credited as the album’s sole producer and engineer.

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Shortly after Oldfield started to record, his mother died. He later recalled that working on his new music provided the only source of comfort for him at the time.[4] He faced further problems several months in when he had almost finished recording side one, when the recording tape started to shed its oxide layer, causing irreparable damage. Virgin delivered a machine so that copies of the master tape could be made and Oldfield could carry on working, but the same problem occurred on the new tape. This left Oldfield no choice but to start again using a new brand of tape. He believed that the many overdubs he had put down on the track had worn it out. Oldfield felt depressed to start over at first, but he then noticed that “something clicked inside of me” and realised that his previous takes had become good practice for the final ones. “All the musical pieces fell into place and the results sounded marvellous.” The original version of side one was released on the 2010 remaster as “Ommadawn (Lost Version)”. Excerpts from the scrapped version were previously used in Oldfield’s interview on Tony Palmer’s documentary series All You Need is Love and the 1977 film Reflection.

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The cover photograph was taken by David Bailey. The album’s title came about at the end of its production. Oldfield spotted a collection of words that Irish musician Clodagh Simonds had made up, one of them being ommadawn, and decided to use it. Oldfield in 1975 rejected a claim that the title comes from the Irish Gaelic word amadán or omadhaun, meaning “fool”. Later, however, he said it did mean “idiot.”

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As with Oldfield’s first two albums, Ommadawn is a single same-titled composition divided into Part One and Part Two, each designated to a single side of the LP. “Ommadawn (Part One)” has a length of 19:23 and “Ommadawn (Part Two)” runs for 17:17. The latter ends with a song entitled “On Horseback”, written by Oldfield and lyrics by Oldfield and William Murray and, while it was banded separately on vinyl from “Ommadawn (Part Two)”, it was only referred to as “the horse song” in the liner notes, only properly credited by name on it accompanying single and on remastered copies of the album released from the 2010s onward. The song relates to Oldfield, Murray, and Leslie Penning’s time riding ponies around Hergest Ridge.

Most of the instruments that Oldfield played on the album are shown in a photograph featured on his compilation set Boxed (1976).

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In his autobiography, Changeling, Oldfield states that he just wanted “sounds”, not “sensible” lyrics. He asked Clodagh Simonds, an Irish musician with whom he was working, to come up with something in Irish. She wrote down the first words that came into her head:

Daddy’s in bed, The cat’s drinking milk, I’m an idiot, And I’m laughing.

Oldfield states that Simonds had telephoned a relative or friend to translate these words into Irish for the song. The final lyrics included with the album are:

Ab yul ann idyad awt
En yab na log a toc na awd
Taw may on omma dawn ekyowl
Omma dawn ekyowl

These lyrics are written in an English-based respelling system, but all four lines are easily recognisable as an Irish translation of the English words, although the first two lines have undergone a process of partial scrambler: combinations of vowel + semivowel are kept intact, but otherwise the lines are written backwards (so, e.g., idyad awt corresponds to taw daydi) and some word spaces have been changed. In standard Irish orthography, the lyrics are (with English translation, since the translation does not match the original exactly):

Tá daidí ‘na leaba
Tá an cat ag ól an bainne
Tá mé an amadán ag ceol
Amadán ag ceol Daddy’s in his bed
The cat’s drinking the milk
I’m the idiot singing (or the singing idiot)
Idiot singing (or singing idiot)

The word idiot (amadán in Irish) was Anglicised into Ommadawn and used as the title of the album. Prior to his autobiography, Oldfield had denied this meaning of ommadawn, calling it a nonsense word, apparently as a ruse to enhance the mystery of his music.

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Ommadawn was released on 25 October 1975.

In November 1975, Oldfield’s non-album track “In Dulci Jubilo” was released with “On Horseback” on the B-side. It went on to peak at No. 4 on the UK Singles Chart in January 1976.

In 1976, a SQ quadraphonic mix of Ommadawn was released on Oldfield’s compilation album Boxed.

In May 1977, the Liffey Light Orchestra performed the album live at Trinity College in Dublin. Oldfield did not tour until 1979; he started to perform excerpts from the album from 1980 onwards.

Paul Stump, in his 1997 History of Progressive Rock, said that “the technically and emotionally polymathic Ommadawn operates on several levels at once, not least because Oldfield states two themes rather than one near the beginning and doesn’t try to develop them sequentially over fifty minutes but allows each its space to breathe and display itself, both singularly and with the other.” He also praised the album’s harmonics and greater economy of expression as compared to Oldfield’s first two albums.

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Excerpts from Ommadawn appeared in the NASA film The Space Movie (1979). A small portion of Part One was used as the theme to the children’s TV show Jackanory on occasions when John Grant narrated his Littlenose stories.

Oldfield had initial ideas to make his later album Amarok (1990) as a sequel to Ommadawn, but the idea fell through. He did not revisit the idea until 2015 when he started recording a true sequel, Return to Ommadawn

In June 2010, Ommadawn was reissued as Deluxe Edition by Mercury Records as part of Oldfield’s remastered album series for the label. The set includes a restored cover artwork, new stereo and 5.1 surround sound mixes completed by Oldfield and bonus material, including the early version of Part One that was scrapped and “In Dulci Jubilo”, “First Excursion”, “Argiers”, and “Portsmouth”.

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Also in 2010, a limited edition 180-gram vinyl was released as a part of the Back to Black series.[20] The digital edition contains the content from the two CDs of the Deluxe Edition. The Japanese release features the Super High Material CD format.

A limited edition box set of the album was also released in 2010, containing the Deluxe Edition set, a vinyl pressing, and a numbered and signed print of the artwork. The set saw 250 copies made and sold through Oldfield’s official website. (wikipedia)

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Although it features the beautiful recorder of Leslie Penny and the Chieftains’ Paddy Maloney playing the uilean pipe, Ommadawn didn’t gain Mike Oldfield the success he was looking for. The album was released in the same year as the David Bedford-arranged Orchestral Tubular Bells and nine months after Oldfield picked up a Grammy award for the original Tubular Bells album. The most pleasing attribute of Ommadawn is its incorporation of both African and Irish music in its symphonic rock & roll mainframe. Boosted by a hearty amount of different horns, piano, cello, trumpet, and synthesizer, the album has its moments of rising action, but the whole of Ommadawn fails to keep its lovely segments around long enough, and there are some rather lengthy instances that include bland runs of unvaried music. Another plus is Oldfield’s use of a choir, giving the album a soft, humanistic feel when contrasted against the keyboards or synthesizer. While it does include flashes of Mike Oldfield’s brilliance, the entire album may seem a little anticlimactic when compared to some of his other releases. (by Mike DeGagne)

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Personnel:
Mike Oldfield (guitar. bass, mandolin, bouzouki, banjo, harp, keyboards,  spinet, synthesizer, glockenspiel, bodhran, percussion)
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Don Blakeson (trumpet)
Christopher Herbert (northumbrian smallpipes
Pierre Moerlen (timpani)
Paddy Moloney (uilleann pipes)
William Murray (percussion)
Terry Oldfield (panpipes)
Leslie Penning (recorder)
David Strange (cello)
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vocals on 02.:
The Penrhos Kids (Abigail, Briony, Ivan, and Jason Griffiths)
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The Hereford City Band conducted by Leslie Penning  (brass section)
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background vocals:
Clodagh Simonds – Bridget St John – Sally Oldfield
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african drums:
Julian Bahula – Ernest Mothle – Lucky Ranku – Eddie Tatane

Inlets

Tracklist:

CD 1:
01. Ommadawn (Part One) (Oldfield) 19.05
02. Ommadawn (Part Two) / On Horseback (Oldfield/Muray) 17.20
03. In Dulce Jubilo (Single A-side) (de Pearsall) 2.51
04. First Excursion (Bedford/Oldfield) 5.54
05. Argiers (Tradtional/Oldfield) 3.59
06. Portsmouth (Single A-side) (Oldfield) 2.01

CD 2:
01. Ommadawn (Part One) (Original 1975 Stereo Mixes) (Oldfield) 19.10
02. Ommadawn (Part Two) / On Horseback (Original 1975 Stereo Mixes) Oldfield/Muray) 17.11
03. Ommadawn (lost version) (Oldfield) 17.10

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